where injury has occurred, a handy immediate first-aid principle to
follow is RICE Therapy: Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.
the affected joint to prevent further damage and hemorrhage. The body
also needs rest to repair itself. Reduce regular exercise or strenuous
daily activities as needed. You doctor may advise you to put no weight
on an injured area for 48 hours. You should avoid exerting weight on an
ankle or knee; crutches may help. If you use a cane or one crutch for an
ankle injury, use it on the uninjured side to help you lean away and
relieve weight on the injured ankle.
when applied to the injury, will reduce pain, swelling and inflammation
by constricting the blood vessels. However, use ice bags or cold packs
wrapped in a thin towel for four to eight times a day. At any time, do
not leave the cold pack on for more than 15 minutes ! It will do more
damage than good.
the injury firmly, but not too tightly, with bandages. Throbbing is a
sign that the wrap is too tight. Examples of compression bandages are
elastic wraps, special boots, air casts, and splints. Ask your doctor
for advice on which one to use.
the injury to reduce swelling. It is most effective if the elevation is
above the heart level, to help decrease swelling.
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