Injury - Strains

Injury - Strains


Acute strains are caused by a direct blow to the body, overstretching or excessive muscle contraction. Chronic strains are the result of overuse - prolonged, repetitive movement - of muscles and tendons. Inadequate rest during intense training can cause a strain.

Typical indication of strain include pain, muscle spasm, muscle weakness, swelling, inflammation and cramping. In severe strains, the muscle or tendon is partially or completely ruptured, leaving a person incapacitated. Some muscle function will be lost with a moderate strain, where the muscle or tendon is overstretched and slightly torn. With a mild strain, the muscle or tendon is stretched or pulled, slightly. Some common strains are :

Back Strain

Back Strain occurs when the muscles that support the spine are twisted, pulled or torn. Athletes who engage in excessive jumping are vulnerable to this injury.

Hamstring Muscle Strain

This is a tear or stretch of a major muscle in the back of the thigh. The injury can sideline a person for up to six months. The likely cause is muscle strength imbalance between the hamstrings and the muscles in the front of the thigh, the quadriceps. Kicking a football, running or leaping to make a basket can pull a hamstring. Hamstring injuries tend to occur.

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