Bodybuilding - Recovery From Fatigue

Bodybuilding - Recovery From Fatigue

Bodybuilders are constantly exposed to various types of training loads, reps, and sets, some of which can often exceed their threshold of tolerance. As a result, the ability to adapt to the desired bodybuilding training load decreases, thus affecting the bodybuilder's overall performance.

When bodybuilders drive themselves beyond their physiological limits, they risk going into a state of fatigue. Basically, the greater the level of fatigue, the greater the training after effects, such as low rate of recovery, decreased coordination, and diminished power output. Fatigue experienced in training can often be increased by personal factors, such as stressful conditions in social, school, or work situations.
Muscular fatigue is commonly associated with exercise-induced muscle damage. This is a very complex physiological and psychological phenomenon. Although much research has been devoted to muscular fatigue neither the exact sites nor the exact causes are well known.

In order to improve muscle size and strength, it is important that training loads be as high as necessary to provide a stimulus for adaptation. In order for the adaptation to take place, training programs must constantly incorporate periods of work with rest, while alternating different levels of intensity. These factors will result in a good balance between work and rest. It is important to avoid large increments in training loads.

The exposure to heavy loads far beyond an bodybuilder's capacity, or miscalculating necessary rest, will result in decreased ability to adapt to the new load. Failing adaptation triggers biochemical and neural reactions that take an bodybuilder from a state of fatigue to chronic fatigue, and ultimately to the undesirable state of overtraining. Irrespective of its definition, it is certain that fatigue results from physical work that reduces the capacity of the neuromuscular and metabolic systems to continue physical activity.
Researchers have attempted to identify sites of fatigue and, consequently, performance failure, through a conventional simplification of complex phenomenon with many unknown elements. The focus of this section, however, will be on the two main sites, the neuromuscular and metabolic.

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