Nowadays, everyone wants a facial, and you can get it, too. Facials
are offered at barbershops, beauty parlors, salons, spas and fitness
centers. But what exactly is a facial? Who needs it? How often should
get one? and what are the pros and cons of getting one ?
There are 5 basic steps to a facial:
The face is washed and cleaned. A facial scrub and a light massage
follow to promote good circulation and relaxation. Then the face is
steamed, a procedure that is often said to "open the pores" but is
really a simple way of hydrating the skin, making it supple and soft.
The face is then vacuumed with light suction to rid it of dead skin,
dirt and material superficially clogging the pores. Because of the
inherent limitation of this technique, acne surgery is usually necessary
to manually extract the comedones, accumulation of sebum and dead skin
within the sebaceous gland. After this, the face is cleaned again. This
is followed by a procedure called "laser", a misnomer because the device
employs high frequency current - not light - that allegedly aids in the
"closure of pores" and disinfects the skin. Finally, a toner is applied.
Additional steps such as mudpacks or treatment masks, application of
medication or vitamins followed by iontophoresis (a procedure deemed
helpful for better absorption of the applied medication or vitamin),
skin peeling, oxygenation, aromatherapy and microdermabrasion, are
available depending on where you get a facial. Facials are usually
performed by aestheticians or cosmetologists, and usually takes 40
Do we need it ?
Sure, get a facial but exercise caution if you are extremely
sensitive or allergic because your skin could react to cleansers and
toners. People with skin problems should consult a dermatologist before
getting a facial. It may be more prudent to wait until your skin problem
is treated properly.
Although people of all skin types may have a facial, people with
combination-type (dry and oily) skin and all the more those with oily
skin will benefit the most because they are predisposed to clogging of
the pores. This can be seen by the presence of "open pores". Pores do
not really have the ability to open and close at will because they do
not have the mechanisms to do so, such as muscles and nerves.
What makes a pore open is the presence of a plug that mechanically
stretches its wall, making the opening visible to the naked eye. To have
flawless skin devoid of open pores you have to have plug-free pores.
Therefore, those with combination skin and oily skin who have the
propensity to form comedones need acne surgery the most. Comedones can
either be blackheads or whiteheads, which are more deeply seated, have
narrower openings and require expertise in removal to avoid bruising and
excoriation (abrasion). This traumatic manipulation can lead to
scarring. Inadequate removal of comedones may cause infection and lead
to more inflammation; because of this we often hear stories of deep
scars caused by acne surgery. In inexperienced hands, acne surgery can
Blackheads on the other hand are more superficial with a wider
opening that allows the process of oxidation to take place. This results
in the blackening of the comedone. Removal of blackheads should be
easier but because they are found predominantly on the nose, it can be
painful. Correct equipment aand technique cannot be overemphasized.
Skin type determines how often you can get a facial. If you have oily
skin and the tendency to clog up the pores at a faster rate, you need to
get one more often than a person with dry skin. Depending on the degree
of oiliness and how fast the pores get plugged, you may need a facial
every week, month, or 2-3 times a year.
The main difference between a facial at a salon and that performed by
a dermatologist is that the latter may not involve all the steps of a
"regular facial." Instead, acne surgery and intralesional injections are
done if necessary. These are things that an aesthetician cannot do. More
importantly, a dermatologist will prescribe medications for acne, help
control acne recurrence, and remove the blemishes that are left behind.
If you have acne vulgaris, you should see a dermatologist first.
Treatment of acne should be a continuous process tailored for your
needs. The ultimate goal is prevention. Self-medication only further
delays early delivery of treatment and can lead to worsening of the skin
condition. This increases the risk of developing permanent and
disfiguring deep-seated scars that can be harder and more costly to
At facial salons, you may be advised to use certain products after a
facial. More often than not, there are part of a package composed mainly
of sunscreen and whitening creams. The treatment of acne, however,
depends on its type (comedonal, papulopustular or nodulocystic); your
tolerance, sensitivity and responsiveness to treatment; presence of
allergies and concomitant skin problems; and proper evaluation of
aggravating factors such as incorrect use of cosmetics, hormonal
imbalances, history of smoking, excessive alcohol intake, presence of
stress, and intake of drugs known to cause acne.
Like comedones, milia, which are white cysts occurring in varying
sizes and often mistaken as whiteheads, are problems best attended to by
a dermatologist. Milia, unlike comedones, do not have openings and no
amount of picking and squeezing will extract its contents. Expert
treatment will help you avoid scars.
When facials are done correctly and safely, they can be important
adjuncts to your skin care regimen because they help keep pores clean
and keep breakouts at bay. But decide carefully. Many timers, skin care
is best left to a dermatologist. Also, seeing a doctor may not be the
more expensive option, contrary to popular belief. Many facial salons
have to put up with high overhead charges and the cost of advertising
that are passed on to consumers.
It pays to be smart, especially with your skin.
Insertion of silicone implant from inside
the mouth; using local anesthetic; no scars. Operation time 45 minutes;
rest for 15 minutes
Laser Resurfacing of Face
The Erbium YAG laser removes wrinkles,
pigmentation and improve the overall color and skin texture of the face.
Laser resurfacing may cause skin to become raw, red or pink with mild to
moderate discomfort for several days. Patients treated with Erbium laser
feel only mild to moderate discomfort during treatment. Time off from
work: 3 weeks